Addiction

What is Addiction?

Addiction is a Latin word which means ‘giving over’ or ‘surrender’. Addiction is a state or human behavior of being enslaved to a habit, action or practice or to something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming as narcotics to such an extent that its effects may cause trouble, harm or severe trauma [1].

What are the most common types of addictions?

Types of addiction ranges from alcohol use to human behavior like lying, stealing or gambling. Some addictions have been frequently reported and diagnosed in the statistical manual of mental disorder while others are diagnosed by expert addiction professionals. In general, addiction types may be divided into three generic types:

  • Addictions to Substances

  • Impulse Control Behavioral

  • Disorders

List of Addictions to Substances

  • Tobacco

  • Alcohol

  • Opioids (like heroin)

  • Cocaine

  • Amphetamines (like methamphetamine, known as meth)

  • Cannabis (marijuana)

  • Prescription drugs (sedatives, hypnotics, or anxiolytics like sleeping pills and tranquilizers)

  • Hallucinogens

  • Phencyclidine (known as PCP or Angeldust)

  • Inhalants

  • Other unspecified substances

List of Addiction of Impulse Control Behavioral

  • Intermittent Explosive Disorder (compulsive aggressive and assaultive acts)

  • Kleptomania (compulsive stealing)

  • Pyromania (compulsive setting of fires)

  • Gambling

List of Behavioral Addictions

  • Food (eating)

  • Sex

  • Pornography (attaining, viewing)

  • Using Computers /Internet

  • Playing Video Games

  • Working

  • Exercising

  • Spiritual Obsession (as opposed to religious devotion)

  • Pain (seeking)

  • Cutting

  • Shopping

What are the signs of addictions?

There are a number of signs and symptoms that indicate an addiction, here is a list of signs to be on the lookout for:

Physical Signs of Addiction

    • Hyperactive or dull (depending on the drug)

    • Dilated pupils, red eyes

    • Repetitive speech patterns

    • Weight loss

    • Excessive sniffing and runny nose (not attributable to a cold)

    • Unusual odors or body odor due to lack of personal hygiene

    • Looking pale or undernourished

    • Clothes do not fit the same

    • Change in eating habits

Behavioral Signs of Addiction

    • Missing work/school

    • Work/school problems

    • Isolating/secretive about activities

    • Missing important events/ occasions

    • Legal problems

    • Conversations dominated by respective addiction related topics

    • Disrupted sleep patterns

    • Financial problems (always needing money)

    • Relationship/Marital problems

Emotional Signs of Addiction

  • Defensiveness

  • Blaming – Placing the blame for the behavior on someone else or some event

  • Denial

  • Inability to deal with stress

  • Irritability

  • Confused easily

  • Loss of interest in activities/people that used to be part of their lives

  • Obnoxious

  • Diversion – Changing the subject to avoid discussing the topic

  • Minimization – Admitting superficially to the problem but not admitting to the seriousness or full scope of the behavior or consequences

  • Rationalizing – Offering alibis, excuses, justifications, or other explanations for their using behaviors

Addiction Cycle

Addiction Survey

A survey was conducted within our organization in order to know what types of addictions people usually harbor. Among a medium-sized level organization, 16 responses were received. The result is shown below:

Ages of Employees:

Survey Result:

How to get rid of an addiction?

  • Deciding to quit

  • Make a list of positive changes you want in your life.

  • Write down your quitting commitment.

  • Making a plan

  • Set a date to quit

  • Seek personal and professional support

  • Identify your triggers

  • Start ramping down your addictive habit

  • Get your environment ready

References:

1.http://www.dictionary.com/browse/addiction

2. https://www.healthyplace.com/addictions/addictions-information/types-of-addiction-list-of-addictions/

3. https://www.marrinc.org/signs-and-symptoms/