Planet earth is our home and currently 7.6 billion people are sharing this space together. The increasing count of the population is a cause of concern for the whole world as it leads to environment and development related issues. The home won’t expand to accommodate all with even basic facilities and we are all living in this world at the risk of a population bomb. In this context, World Population Day is observed on 11th July every year to mark how critical population trends and related issues are.
In 1987, when the world’s population crossed Five Billions referred as Day of Five Billions, raised the eyebrows of global development agency United Nations (UN). In 1989, the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme recommended that 11 July be observed by the international community as World Population Day, a day to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues.
By resolution 45/216 of December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly decided to continue observing World Population Day to enhance awareness of population issues. The Day was first marked on 11 July, 1990 in more than 90 countries. Since then, a number of UNFPA country offices and other organizations and institutions commemorate World Population Day, in partnership with governments and civil society.
World Population Growth (In Figures & Statistics)
- When first World Population Day was observed in 1990, world population was just over five billion at that time.
- After 27 years, now it is over half that again counting 7.6 billion with the addition of 83 million to world population each year as per estimations.
- However, there’s been a decline in fertility rates since 1960s.
- Europe having the lowest (1.6 births per women) and Africa at top with (4.7 births per woman).
- By 2100, there will be a population of 11.2 million that is alarming to our global development.
- By 2050, Nine Countries (America, India, Congo, Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, Pakistan, Tanzania & Indonesia) will contribute to 50% of the world’s population growth.
- India’s population (1.3 billion) will take over China’s (1.4 billion) by 2024
- Nigeria will take over US as third most populous country in the world.
- The half of the global population growth from now to 2050 will take place in the African region.
Pakistan’s Population Growth (In Numbers)
- The current population of Pakistan is around 20 billion as of Monday, July 10, 2017, based on the latest United Nations estimates.
- The latest Population Census findings are yet to be incorporated in the total count and it is feared that country’s total population is way ahead than 20 billion.
- Pakistan population is equivalent to 2.62% of the total world population.
- Pakistan ranks number 6 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
- Pakistan has a population growth rate of between 2.1% to 2.13% (decreased a bit) in the last decade but still high as a developing country.
Family Planning – Empowering People, Developing Nations
The theme for 2017 is “Family Planning: Empowering People, Developing Nations” as this year’s celebrations coincide with the Family Planning Summit, the second meeting of the Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) initiative, which aims to expand access to voluntary family planning to 120 million additional women by 2020.
Access to safe, voluntary family planning is a basic human right. It is also central to gender equality and women’s empowerment, and is a key factor in reducing poverty.
Yet around the world, some 225 million women who want to avoid pregnancy are not using safe and effective family planning methods, for reasons ranging from lack of access to information or services to lack of support from their partners or communities. Most of these women with an unmet demand for contraceptives live in 69 of the poorest countries on earth.