“O you who believe! When the call is proclaimed for the Salah on Al-Jumu`ah (Friday), then hasten (Fas`aw) to the remembrance of Allah and leave off business. That is better for you if you did but know!”
“Then when the Salah is complete, you may disperse through the land, and seek the bounty of Allah, and remember Allah much, that you may be successful.”
Surah Al-Jumu’ah (62:9-10)
Friday – Day in Other Religions
Every religion follows a special day which holds significance either in their religious or social circle. For Example in Judaism, the Jews observe Sabbath (A day of rest, commanded by God to be kept as a Holy day of rest, as God rested from creation, according to Exodus 20:8). It is commonly known as Shabbat among the Jews and is followed between Friday and Saturday evenings. Shabbat day includes a meal with braided bread, grape juice or wine. Special prayer and blessings (Kiddush) is said on the Friday evening. People perform a special service on Friday night along with the reading of Torah on Saturday morning followed by a Havdalah ceremony on Saturday evening thus formally ending Shabbat observance. However, Christians practice Sabbath on Sunday. They hold worship services on Sunday – a day to get closer to God.
Significance of Friday in Islam
Among the Muslims, Friday is marked as the most sacred day. Although it falls every week, yet it holds immense significance among the Muslim Ummah and in the light of Quran and Sunnah.
Hadith Narrated by Imam Muslim, Abu-Dawod, Al-Nesai, and Al-Tirmidhi:
Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) has said,
“The best day during which the sun has risen is Friday. It is the Day Adam was created. It is the day when Adam entered paradise and also when he was taken out from it. It is also the day on which the Day of Judgment takes place.”
Friday has its own virtues and unstinted blessings. Jumu’atul-Wida (Last Friday observed in the month of Ramadan) is celebrated with unparalleled love, devotion, and reverence among the Muslims. Jumu’ah is an Arabic word which means ‘gathering’ and Wida means ‘farewell’. Jumu’atul-Wida is also called al-Jumu’ah al-Yatimah meaning Orphaned Friday. In ancient languages, this day is also named as Arubah. It is signified as a day above all other days because of its sanctity. On this day, the first Surah of the Holy Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) – “Iqra” (“Read”). The first mosque in the history of Islam, Quba, was built by Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) on Friday and the first Jumma prayers were offered there. Allah created heaven, earth and the entire creation on Friday.
“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favor upon you, and have chosen Islam as your religion.”
This day holds a special significance in the life of a Muslim. Believers from all the sects gather on this day to perform sermons and worship The Almighty Allah. It marks the departure of the holy month of Ramadan and the blessings it brings along.
The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) said:
“Any one who worships Allah on Friday will receive protection from Allah for the entire week.”
Jumu’atul-Wida, the last Friday of the holy month of Ramadan is the day of acceptance of Dua.
Sayyid Ibn Tawus and Shaykh al-Saduq have both narrated the following on the authority of Jabir ibn `Abdullah al-Ansariy:
I visited the Messenger of Allah (a.s) on the last Friday of Ramadan. As he saw me, he said, “Jabir: This is the last Friday of Ramadan. You should thus bid it farewell by saying the following:
“O Allah: (please) do not make it the last of our fasting in this month;”
“But if you decide so, then (please) make me enjoy (Your) mercy and do not make me deprived (of it).”
Jumu’atul-Wida is celebrated as Eid in the Muslim nations. People wear new clothes and throng to mosques. Following preparations are done on Friday by the Muslims around the world:
Taking a bath on Friday is obligatory for every adult. Wudu (ablution) is necessary for the Friday prayer. It is said that the bath of Friday, pull out every sin of the man from its root.
“O Muslims! Allah SWT has made this day (Friday) a day of ‘Eid’. So have a bath on this day, whoever has perfume should apply it, and use the miswaak (organic toothbrush).” (Ibn Majah)
For Friday prayers, one should walk to the mosque and reach there earlier. Abstain from talking while the sermon is going on and sit as close as possible to the Imam of the mosque.
“Because when the Imam comes out (to deliver Khutbah), the angels come to listen to the Dhikr.” (Bukhari)
On this day, recite Surah Al-Kahf as much as you can. Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) said:
Jumu’atul-Wida, the last Friday in the month of Ramadan refrains us from all evils and helps us in promoting peace with Muslim Ummah. It teaches us discipline and patience along with goodwill and sympathy towards fellow brothers. When the Muslim nation gathers on one platform, it encourages equality and brotherhood which gives the message of peace. Hopefully, this Ramadan, may Allah forgive all our sins. Ameen.
Have a Blessed Jumu’atul-Wida!